Gemstone is a piece of mineral crystal. Gemstones have played various roles in the myths and legends of human cultures throughout. Many minerals form beautiful crystals, but the most prized of all are gemstones. Uncut gems are often fairly ordinary looking. It is only when they are cut and polished that they obtain the brilliance and luster that makes them so valued. Historically gems have been divided into precious and semiprecious classes. There are a number of semiprecious gems, many quite beautiful, but diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds continue to qualify as “precious.”
Types of Gemstone:
There are different type of gemstones are as:
The Ruby stone is well known as a deep red gemstone and crystal. It is an excellent stone for recharging your energy levels, and it may stimulate your mind to be more positive and self assured. The Ruby gems are very attractive and an ancient traditional way to use the stone. It is used to design a fashion and vintage jewellery.The meaning of the Ruby name comes from the Latin word for ‘red”. Deposits of Ruby have been found in Kenya, Burma, India, Thailand, Cambodia, Russia, Madagascar, Mexico and the USA.
The Alexandrite Gemstone :
It is often described by gem aficionados as “emerald by day, ruby by night,” alexandrite is the very rare color-change variety of the mineral chrysoberyl. Originally discovered in Russia’s Ural Mountains in the 1830s. It was named in honor of Alexandar Nicholavich, who was later to become the Russian Czar Alexander II. Legend has it that the gemstone was discovered on the future Czar’s birthday and named in his honor, though the factual nature of this is disputed. It is now found in Sri Lanka, East Africa, and Brazil, but fine material is exceptionally rare and valuable.
It is a violet variety of quartz often used in jewellery. The name comes from a reference to the belief that the stone protected its owner from drunkenness. The ancient Greeks wore amethyst and made drinking vessels decorated with it in the belief that it would prevent intoxication. It is one of several forms of quartz. Amethyst is a semiprecious stone and is the traditional birthstone for February. Amethyst is also a very popular gem for cutting into a variety of free form shapes. This is done by hand or by automated cutting. These so called fantasy or designer cuts can be mass produced or created as one-of-a-kind pieces.
Aquamarine is a blue to green-blue variety of precious gemstone. The beryl group of minerals is most famous for chromium-rich, green emerald, which happens to be one of the precious stone. Although some buyers prefer the more greenish natural color, most of the aquamarine in the market was heat-treated to give it more of a pure blue. The gem is pleochroic, which means it shows different colors in different crystal directions—in the case of aquamarine, they are near-colorless and strong blue. Fortunately, the blue pleochroic color correspond.
This bright shining citirine gem has said to be a gift from the sun. The name Citrine, which is French for “lemon”, fits well with its color range of juicy lemon yellow to a bright orangery born. Citrine is a joyful stone with bright energy which lights up many aspects of lives of those who work with it. It has energies of good fortune and good luck, though these may appear in unexpected ways. Citrine is well known in crystal work as a success and prosperity stone to the point that it is called the “Success Stone.”
Green is the color of Spring and has long symbolized love and rebirth. As the gem of Venus, it was also considered to aid in fertility. Green Emerald gem beads are present on land in the form of mineral compound produced from the silicate of aluminum beryllium and oxygen which grants light and deep green color to the product. Green emerald gems could be worn in many forms like earrings, rings, necklace and pendants. But to have astrological benefits, it is more recommended to wear it in form of ring or pendant. It could be worn in the form of earring or necklace. This gemstone dominates the brain of the native leading it towards the positive elements of air. It pours the rays of positive vision on the person along with strong intellect leading him towards a pacified and triumphant life adorn with the flowers of delight.
Garnet is not a single mineral, but describes a group of several closely related minerals. Garnets come in a variety of colors and have many different varieties. The most widelyknown color of Garnet gemstones is dark red. When the term “Garnet” is used, it is usually connotative of the dark red form. Garnet is a very popular gemstone and is the most well known dark red gemstone. Red Garnet gemstones are very affordable and faceted into all types of jewellery including necklaces, rings, bracelets and earrings. Round cabochons of red Garnet are also popular and used in rings and bracelets.
Pearl is a smooth, lustrous chiefly calcium carbonate organic gemstones. Natural pearls are nearly 100% nacre, a protective mother of pearl coating that is secreted to protect the organism for a foreign body that has entered the shell. Natural or real pearls come mainly from oysters. Pearls are obtained from the Sea. Pearls are available in different shapes and colors. Pearl is the Queen of Gems and an emblem of purity, innocence. Wearing pearl reduces anger and unwanted thoughts. It also brings wealth and happiness and stability in life. This is one stone anyone can wear and make fantastic ornaments.
Since the prehistoric time, Jade was regarded as a gemstone of nobility, power and royalty most particularly in the East. The jade gemstone corresponds to the atmosphere of the Planet Neptune. Jade is a special stone that is believed to promote wisdom, balance and peace. It has spiritual attributes, which are extremely distinct. This prehistoric sign of calm and peace is a unique, strong piece of tool that encourages our consciousness to increase at a higher level. It removes anxiety and lightens emotions developed from fear. This stone is one of the many gemstones which never allow any negative energy or negative influences to affect the individual wearing it.
Moonstone is an excellent stone to use in meditation to understand oneself. Placing it in the moonlight of a moon reaching its fullness. Moonstone is a very personal stone. It is a reflection of the person who owns it. Moonstone brings good fortune, passionate love and brings success in love as well as business matters. Moonstones from Sri Lanka, the classical country of origin of the moonstone, shimmer in pale blue on an almost transparent background. Specimens from India feature a nebulous interplay of light and shadow on a background of beige-brown, green, orange or brown.
Opal Gemstone :
Opal is the most colorful of all gemstones and more valuable than diamond. Opal is a gem quality form of hydrated amorphous silicon dioxide. Its name is derived from the Sanskrit word for ‘stone’. Opal is famed for its ability to diffract light. The exact cause of opal’s unique properties was only recently discovered by Australian scientists in the 1960s after analysis with electron microscopes.Opal is a precious gemstone and is often regarded as the symbol of happiness, hope and genuineness. Opal is a Gemstones worn for enhancing the Positive effects of Planet VENUS.
Zircon Artificial Diamond Gemstone:
Zircon is one of the heaviest gemstones which means that it will look smaller than other varieties of the same weight. Zircon jewellery should be stored carefully because although it is relatively hard, zircon can suffer from abrasion and the facets can be chipped. The wide variety of colours of zircon and its relatively low cost make it a popular collector’s stone. Zircon is mined in Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Australia and other countries.
Morganite Diamond Gemstone:
Morganite is a minor pink colour stone being faceted into gemstone cuts as well as polished into cabochons. Morganite is the pretty, peachy-pink variety of beryl, cousin to more familiar beryls like emerald and aquamarine. Morganite’s beautiful feminine colors are a result of the presence of manganese. After its discoveries in California and Madagascar in the early 20th century. It is used to made fashionable and traditional jewellery.