Durga Puja is one of the greatest festivals of West Bengal. It is celebrated in the month of Ashwin, that is September-October month of year. Goddess Durga is worshiped with great pomp and honor during Durga Puja. The city is decorated very beautifully during this time with varied designs of colorful lighting patterns. The festival of Durga Puja is celebrated for four days that are Saptami, Ashtami, Navami and finally Dashami.
Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Kolkata of West Bengal. This is also known as Dussehra and Navaratri in other parts of India. Durga is the Goddess of divine power against all evils. One of the biggest social events of India, Durga Puja is considered the main festival for Bengalies. It is a ten-days carnival in West Bengal. Celebrations of the festival start with Mahalaya, the first phase of the waxing moon in Aswin. During the time, about thousands of people offer prayers to their ancestors at the city’s river banks. This ritual is referred to as ‘Tarpan”. The festive mood builds up in the people, when Dhakis(drummers) belonging to the countryside start gathering near the city. The local Puja organizers are attracted by the feathered drums played by the drumm.
Gold, precious stones, silver, brass and zinc alloys are the main metals used in the making of jewellery in West Bengal. Swankars, the caste involved in jewellery making, make jewellery for the affluent higher class as well as the traditional tribal ornament typical of the State of West Bengal. Rose water sprinkle, pendans, brooches, armlets, hair pins etc are some of the examples of good and unique craftmenship of Bengal. The jewellery is used on Durga puja is mostly gold jewellery for making Mukut and Necklace of Goddess Durga’s Idol.
Traditional Bengali Jewellery on Durga Puja:
Gold, precious stones, silver, brass and zinc alloys are the main metals used in the making of jewellery in West Bengal. Traditional Bengali jewellery is mostly made of precious gold metals. Here are some Bengali traditional jewellery designs that you can wear on Durga Puja festival as:
Temple jewellery is a type of jewellery used to adorn the idols of Gods and Goddesses. It is mostly popular in South India. Today, temple jewellery has become the most popular crafts of India. During festivals of Durga Puja and occasions of worshiping of Gods and Goddess, women wear temple jewellery, believed to be auspicious and offer good luck.
Traditional Bengali Necklace:
Narkoli Phul Haar is an eternal traditional necklace of Bengali design that has been in fashion for almost 2 centuries ant till now. It is basically a long thick chain of gold that comes up to your navel. Every 1 out of 3 Bengali women wear it on Durga Puja, it inherited from their mothers and grandmothers.
Bengali Design Earrings :
Shonar Kaan is a type of Bengali design earrings. This unique Bengali design of earring is inspired by the shape of the ear itself. It is plate of gold in the shape of your ear with intricate work on it. There is a earring attached at the end that dangles. Every women wear it on Durga puja festival in Bengal..
Bengali Design Bangle :
Konkon is a traditional Bengali design of bangles that has never and will never go out of fashion. Even today we will see these bangles in the place of honor in any wedding or festival of durga puja at Bengal. It is a ridged bangle with the ridge running in the middle and curves that are rounded over it. Takes about 40 grams of gold.
Traditional gold bracelets in Bengal are called ‘Chur’ and have elegant designs carved on them. Although they are available in pair. This chur is must wear on the occasion of Durga puja in Bengal.